Changes in the body, during which there is a gradual transition from puberty to extinction of sexual function, are due to a decrease in the level of the main male hormone testosterone.
The climacteric period during which the age-related physiological restructuring of the body is a regular stage in the life of every person – both men and women. The only difference is that in men, menopause usually proceeds milder and begins somewhat later than women, that is, in the 50-60 years.
With age, men undergo natural changes in one of the most important parts of the brain – the hypothalamus, which regulates the activity of the main endocrine gland – the pituitary gland. As a result, the development of pituitary hormones, stimulating the activity of the male genital glands – testicles is disrupted.
At the same time, age changes are also observed in the testicles themselves: their tissue is gradually partially replaced by connective and fatty tissue. All this, taken together, leads to a decrease in the production of testes by testicles.
Testosterone in the male body regulates the activity of the testicles, epididymis, seminal vesicles, the prostate and many organs outside the reproductive system. It stimulates the formation of sperm, and also determines libido, sexual arousal and the intensity of orgasm.
Important role in the development of men’s menopause are associated with elderly disease – hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus.